The History of Nottingham: A City of Legends and Lace
Nottingham is a city with a rich and fascinating history, dating back to the 6th century, when it was a small settlement called Snotta inga ham, meaning the village of Snotta's people. Over the centuries, Nottingham grew into a thriving town, and later a city, that witnessed many important events and developments in the history of England. From the legend of Robin Hood and his merry men, to the rise and fall of the lace industry, to the modern and vibrant cultural scene, Nottingham has a lot to offer to visitors who want to discover its past and present. Here are some of the highlights of the history of Nottingham:
- The Norman Conquest and the Castle. In 1067, William the Conqueror built a wooden castle on a sandstone outcrop overlooking the town, to secure his control over the region. The castle was later rebuilt in stone, and became the seat of the Sheriff of Nottingham, the enemy of Robin Hood, the legendary outlaw who stole from the rich and gave to the poor. The castle was also the scene of several historical events, such as the murder of King Edward II's favourite, Piers Gaveston, in 1312, and the surrender of King Charles I to the Parliamentarians in 1646. Today, the castle is a museum and art gallery, where you can learn more about its history and see the statue of Robin Hood and his companions.
- The Lace Market and the Industrial Revolution. Nottingham was once the centre of the world's lace industry, producing fine and delicate fabrics that were exported all over the world. The Lace Market is a historic area in the city centre, where you can see the impressive red-brick buildings that housed the lace factories and warehouses. You can also visit the Nottingham Industrial Museum, which displays the machinery and tools used to make lace, or the Lace Centre, which sells lace products and souvenirs. The lace industry declined in the 20th century, due to competition and changing fashion, but it left a lasting legacy on the city's architecture and culture.
- The Civil War and the Enlightenment. Nottingham was a divided city during the Civil War, as some supported the Royalists and some the Parliamentarians. The city was besieged several times, and suffered from plague and famine. After the war, Nottingham became a centre of intellectual and scientific activity, as part of the Enlightenment movement. Some of the notable figures who lived or visited Nottingham include the philosopher David Hume, the poet Lord Byron, and the mathematician George Green, who made important contributions to physics and calculus.
- The World Wars and the Modern Era. Nottingham played a significant role in both World Wars, as it was a major manufacturing hub for weapons, ammunition, and textiles. The city was also a target for bombing raids, and suffered heavy damage and casualties. After the wars, Nottingham underwent a process of reconstruction and regeneration, and became a modern and diverse city, with a strong cultural and creative sector. Some of the attractions and events that make Nottingham a vibrant and exciting city today include the Theatre Royal and Royal Concert Hall, the Nottingham Contemporary art gallery, the Nottingham Playhouse, the Nottingham Festival of Literature, and the Nottingham Goose Fair.
If you are interested in exploring the history of Nottingham, you should stay at Mercure Nottingham City Centre George Hotel, a boutique hotel that is conveniently located in the heart of the city, near the main attractions and transport links. Our hotel is a historic building that dates back to 1822, and has been restored to its former glory, with a blend of Georgian architecture and contemporary design. Our hotel offers 76 individually designed bedrooms, a gym, a trendy bar, and a brasserie restaurant. Our hotel is also a smart hotel, with a voice-controlled AI concierge in every room, providing entertainment, property services, and room service.
Book your stay with us today and discover the history of Nottingham, a city of legends and lace. We look forward to welcoming you to Mercure Nottingham City Centre George Hotel.Book Now